NCC 16 – What is Sin?

Question

What is sin?

Full Answer

Sin is rejecting or ignoring God in the world he created, rebelling against him by living without reference to him, not being or doing what he requires in his law—resulting in our death and the disintegration of all creation.

Short Answer

Sin is rejecting or ignoring God in the world he created, not being or doing what he requires in his law.

Primary Scripture

Everyone who makes a practice of sinning also practices lawlessness; sin is lawlessness. (1 John 3:4)

Commentary

Sin is a topic rarely talked about in churches today, because it is not politically correct. Many churches in America today avoid the word sin in favor of words like ‘indiscretion,’ ‘a lapse in judgment,’ ‘error,’ or ‘a reflection of brokenness.’ While these terms may be true of sin, the intent of avoiding the word sin is to somehow lessen the offense. Sin is defined and described in many places throughout the Bible. In Genesis 3:2-6, the fall of mankind, demonstrates the nature of sin as an act of rebellion. Leviticus 5:17 teaches that any act of rebellion against God’s law is sin. James 4:17 and 1 John 5:17 both teach that anytime a person knows the right thing to do and does something different is sin. Isaiah 53:6 teaches that sin is choosing to reject God’s way in favor of our own way. The Apostle Paul described sin as any act not done in faith (Romans 14:23). And the Bible teaches that all of humanity is guilty of this rebellion and faithlessness against God (Romans 3:23). But the Bible also teaches that “while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.” Our only hope in overcoming sin is the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.

Additional Scripture References

  • Leviticus 5:17. If anyone sins, doing any of the things that by the Lord’s commandments ought not to be done, though he did not know it, then realizes his guilt, he shall bear his iniquity.
  • Romans 3:23. For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.
  • Romans 5:12-14. Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned—for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law. Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type of the one who was to come.
  • Romans 14:23. But whoever has doubts is condemned if he eats, because the eating is not from faith. For whatever does not proceed from faith is sin.
  • James 4:17. So whoever knows the right thing to do and fails to do it, for him it is sin.
  • 1 John 5:17. All wrongdoing is sin, but there is sin that does not lead to death.

Resources:Catechism Anchor

Teaching Ideas:

  • Read Scripture. Read one or two Scripture passages each day.
  • Create a Flashcard. Write the question on one side of an index card and the answer on the other. Also write the Scripture reference on one side of another index card and the Scripture on the other side. Use these as flash cards throughout the week.
  • Memorize the Question and Answer. Write the question and answer on a whiteboard or piece of paper. Each day erase three or four words and put blanks in their place. Read the question and answer replacing the blanks with the correct missing words.
  • Read the Commentary. Available on the NCC website or App.
  • Listen to a Song. Listen or read the lyrics to All I Have is Christ.

Discussion Questions

  • What are some of the sins listed in the Bible?
  • How do these sins offend the nature and glory of God?
  • Read Matthew 4:1-11. How did Jesus overcome the temptation to sin? How can we overcome the temptation to sin?

 

All Scriptures: The Holy Bible : English Standard Version. 2001.
Standard Bible Society: Wheaton.

NCC 15 – Since no one can keep the law, what is its purpose?

Question

Since no one can keep the law, what is its purpose?

Full Answer

That we may know the holy nature and will of God, and the sinful nature and disobedience of our hearts; and thus our need of a Savior. The law also teaches and exhorts us to live a life worthy of our Savior.

Short Answer

That we may know the holy nature of God, and the sinful nature of our hearts; and thus our need of a Savior.

Primary Scripture

For by works of the law no human being will be justified in his sight, since through the law comes knowledge of sin. (Romans 3:20)

Commentary

These poor men think they can preach the Gospel without preaching the Law. I say, they must preach the Law, unless they do not mean to preach the Gospel. The Law entered that the offence might abound: proclaim it, I say, for this purpose among your ungodly congregations; lift up your voices like trumpets, and tell the people their transgressions, that you may glorify the more your honoured Master, in proclaiming the infinite riches and fulness of His great salvation. Preach the Law to those who believe, as finished, cancelled, dead for their salvation: point them to Immanuel as holding it in His bleeding hand, and saying to them, “If ye love me, keep my Commandments.” (From New City Catechism commentary by Charles Simeon, available at http://newcitycatechism.com/new-city-catechism/#15).

Additional Scripture References

  • Psalm 19:7-9. The law of the Lord is perfect, reviving the soul; the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple; the precepts of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart; the commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes; the fear of the Lord is clean, enduring forever; the rules of the Lord are true, and righteous altogether. More to be desired are they than gold, even much fine gold; sweeter also than honey and drippings of the honeycomb. Moreover, by them is your servant warned; in keeping them there is great reward.
  • Romans 3:31. Do we then overthrow the law by this faith? By no means! On the contrary, we uphold the law.
  • Romans 7:7. What then shall we say? That the law is sin? By no means! Yet if it had not been for the law, I would not have known sin. For I would not have known what it is to covet if the law had not said, “You shall not covet.”
  • Romans 7:12. So the law is holy, and the commandment is holy and righteous and good.
  • Galatians 2:22, 24. But the Scripture imprisoned everything under sin, so that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe… So then, the law was our guardian until Christ came, in order that we might be justified by faith.
  • 1 Timothy 1:8. Now we know that the law is good, if one uses it lawfully.
  • Titus 2:13-14. Waiting for our blessed hope, the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ, who gave himself for us to redeem us from all lawlessness and to purify for himself a people for his own possession who are zealous for good works.

Resources:Catechism Anchor

Teaching Ideas:

  • Read Scripture. Read one or two Scripture passages each day.
  • Create a Flashcard. Write the question on one side of an index card and the answer on the other. Also write the Scripture reference on one side of another index card and the Scripture on the other side. Use these as flash cards throughout the week.
  • Memorize the Question and Answer. Write the question and answer on a whiteboard or piece of paper. Each day erase three or four words and put blanks in their place. Read the question and answer replacing the blanks with the correct missing words.
  • Read the Commentary. Available on the NCC website or App.
  • Listen to a Song. Listen or read the lyrics to Rock of Ages.
  • Review Past Catechism Answers. Discuss how question 13-15 connect with each other. Discuss how they connect to questions 7-12.

Discussion Questions

  • What are some of God’s laws for His people?
  • What does the law of God teach us about God?
  • What does the law of God teach us about us?
  • What should be our motivation for obedience to God’s laws?

 

All Scriptures: The Holy Bible : English Standard Version. 2001.
Standard Bible Society: Wheaton.

NCC 14 – Did God create us unable to keep his law?

Question

Did God create us unable to keep his law?

Full Answer

No, but because of the disobedience of our first parents, Adam and Eve, all of creation is fallen; we are all born in sin and guilt, corrupt in our nature and unable to keep God’s law.

Short Answer

No, but because of the disobedience of Adam and Eve we are all born in sin and guilt, unable to keep God’s law..

Primary Scripture

Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned.” (Romans 5:12)

Commentary

I believe, that in the beginning God created the heavens and the earth, with all their numerous inhabitants. Last of all, and nobly conspicuous amongst the amazingly diversified productions of his almighty power and infinite skill . . . he created man, and constituted him lord of this lower world. Male and female created he them, after his own image and in his own likeness: upright, innocent, and holy; capable of serving and glorifying their bountiful Creator. On the same warrant, I believe, that man did not long continue in these holy and happy circumstances; but, being left to the freedom of his own will, he transgressed the law which his Maker and Sovereign had given him; in consequence of which he fell into a state of guilt, depravity, and ruin. And as he was not only the natural but federal head and representative of his unborn posterity, he sinning, all his offspring sinned in him and fell with him, the guilt of his first sin being imputed, and a corrupt nature derived, to all who descend from him by natural generation. Hence it is that all men are by nature the children of wrath; averse to all that is spiritually good, and prone to evil; dead in sin, under the curse of the righteous law and obnoxious to eternal vengeance. From which state of complicated misery there is no deliverance but by Jesus Christ, the second Adam. (From New City Catechism commentary by Abraham Booth, available at http://newcitycatechism.com/new-city-catechism/#14)

Additional Scripture References

  • Genesis 3:6. So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate.
  • Psalm 51:5. Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, and in sin did my mother conceive me.
  • Isaiah 64:6. We have all become like one who is unclean, and all our righteous deeds are like a polluted garment. We all fade like a leaf, and our iniquities, like the wind, take us away.
  • Romans 5:18a, 19a. Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men… For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners..

Resources:Catechism Anchor

Teaching Ideas:

  • Read Scripture. Read one or two Scripture passages each day.
  • Create a Flashcard. Write the question on one side of an index card and the answer on the other. Also write the Scripture reference on one side of another index card and the Scripture on the other side. Use these as flash cards throughout the week.
  • Memorize the Question and Answer. Write the question and answer on a whiteboard or piece of paper. Each day erase three or four words and put blanks in their place. Read the question and answer replacing the blanks with the correct missing words.
  • Read the Commentary. Available on the NCC website or App.
  • Listen to a Song. Listen or read the lyrics to Come Ye Sinners, Poor and Needy.
  • Review Past Catechism Answers. Discuss how question 14 connects with question 13.

Discussion Questions

  • Is there a difference between having a “sin nature” and choosing to sin? If so, what?
  • Read Romans 8:5-9. What are differences between being “of the flesh” and “of the spirit”?
  • How might we face temptation differently knowing that God’s Spirit dwells within us??

 

All Scriptures: The Holy Bible : English Standard Version. 2001.
Standard Bible Society: Wheaton.

NCC 13 – Can Anyone Keep the Law of God Perfectly

Question

Can anyone keep the law of God perfectly?

Full Answer

Since the fall, no mere human has been able to keep the law of God perfectly, but consistently breaks it in thought, word, and deed.

Short Answer

Since the fall, no human has been able to keep the law of God perfectly.

Primary Scripture

None is righteous, no, not one; no one understands; no one seeks for God. All have turned aside; together they have become worthless; no one does good, not even one.” (Romans 3:10-12)

Commentary

As a traveler, in his way meeting with a violent storm of thunder and rain, immediately turns out of his way to some house or tree for his shelter; but yet this causeth him not to give over his journey; so soon as the storm is over he returns to his way and progress again. So it is with men in bondage to sin: the law meets with them in a storm of thunder and lightning from heaven, terrifies and hinders them in their way; this turns them for a season out of their course; they will run to prayer or amendment of life, for some shelter from the storm of wrath which is feared coming upon their consciences. But is their course stopped? Are their principles altered? Not at all; so soon as the storm is over . . . they return to their former course, in the service of sin again. Never let us reckon that our work in contending against sin, in crucifying, mortifying, and subduing of it, is at an end. The place of its habitation is unsearchable; and when we may think that we have thoroughly won the field, there is still some reserve remaining that we saw not, that we knew not of. Many conquerors have been ruined by their carelessness after a victory; and many have been spiritually wounded after great successes against this enemy. . . . There is no way for us to pursue sin in its unsearchable habitation but by being endless in our pursuit. (From New City Catechism commentary by John Owen, available at http://newcitycatechism.com/new-city-catechism/#13)

Additional Scripture References

  • Genesis 6:5. The Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intention of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.
  • Ecclesiastes 7:20. Surely there is not a righteous man on earth who does good and never sins.
  • Romans 3:9. What then? Are we Jews any better off? No, not at all. For we have already charged that all, both Jews and Greeks, are under sin.
  • Romans 3:20. Or by works of the law no human being will be justified in his sight, since through the law comes knowledge of sin.
  • James 3:2. For we all stumble in many ways. And if anyone does not stumble in what he says, he is a perfect man, able also to bridle his whole body.
  • 1 John 1:8, 10. If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us…If we say we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.

Resources:Catechism Anchor

Teaching Ideas:

  • Read Scripture. Read one or two Scripture passages each day.
  • Create a Flashcard. Write the question on one side of an index card and the answer on the other. Also write the Scripture reference on one side of another index card and the Scripture on the other side. Use these as flash cards throughout the week.
  • Memorize the Question and Answer. Write the question and answer on a whiteboard or piece of paper. Each day erase three or four words and put blanks in their place. Read the question and answer replacing the blanks with the correct missing words.
  • Read the Commentary. Available on the NCC website or App.
  • Listen to a Song. Listen or read the lyrics to Not in Me.
  • Review Past Catechism Answers. Discuss how question 13 connects with the previous 12 questions.

Discussion Questions

  • In what ways do we continue to break the law of God?
  • If we cannot be perfect, why don’t we just give up trying to obey God?
  • How does the gospel overcome our sin?
  • Read Matthew 5:47. Is Jesus teaching that man can be perfect? What did Jesus mean when he said we are to be perfect like our heavenly father?

 

All Scriptures: The Holy Bible : English Standard Version. 2001 .
Standard Bible Society: Wheaton.

NCC 12 – Ninth and Tenth Commandments

Question

What does God require in the ninth and tenth commandments??

Full Answer

Ninth, that we do not lie or deceive, but speak the truth in love. Tenth, that we are content, not envying anyone or resenting what God has given them or us.

Short Answer

Ninth, that we do not lie or deceive. Tenth, that we are content, not envying anyone.

Primary Scripture

If you really fulfill the royal law according to the Scripture, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself,” you are doing well.” (James 2:8)

Commentary

Thou Shalt Not Bear False Witness Against Thy Neighbour. The most gracious Lord instructs us in how we should use our my tongue towards our neighbours, and behave ourselves concerning his name, forbidding us to bear false witness. God forbids all kinds of slandering, lying, hypocrisy, and untruth. And why? Because, as “members of one body,” we should “speak truth one to another,” and be careful everyone to cover others’ weaknesses, and with our tongue defend the names of others, even as we would that others should defend ours. In this commandment, God forbids all kind of evil, perilous, calumnious and untrue speaking and commands us all kind of godly, honest, and true report and talk.

Thou Shalt Not Covet. The last command of God’s Law concerns the attitude of our hearts. We shall not covet anything that is our neighbor’s. If my neighbor has a nicer house than I, I may not wish for it; if he has a more beautiful wife than I, I may not desire her. I may not desire to take from him that is his possession. The previous five commands have forbidden actions against my neighbor, but the ten commandment forbids any evil though against my neighbor.

(Adapted and updated from New City Catechism commentary by John Bradford, available at http://newcitycatechism.com/new-city-catechism/#12).

Additional Scripture References

Ninth Commandment

  • Zechariah 8:16-17. These are the things that you shall do: Speak the truth to one another; render in your gates judgments that are true and make for peace; do not devise evil in your hearts against one another, and love no false oath, for all these things I hate, declares the Lord.
  • Ephesians 4:25. Therefore, having put away falsehood, let each one of you speak the truth with his neighbor, for we are members one of another.
  • Exodus 20:16. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
  • Proverbs 14:5. A faithful witness does not lie, but a false witness breathes out lies.
  • Proverbs 14:25. A truthful witness saves lives, but one who breathes out lies is deceitful.

Tenth Commandment

  • Job 31:29. If I have rejoiced at the ruin of him who hated me, or exulted when evil overtook him.
  • 1 Timothy 6:6. But godliness with contentment is great gain.
    Hebrews 13:5. Keep your life free from love of money, and be content with what you have, for he has said, “I will never leave you nor forsake you.”
  • Exodus 20:17. You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his male servant, or his female servant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor’s.

Resources:Catechism Anchor

Teaching Ideas:

  • Read Scripture. Read one or two Scripture passages each day.
  • Create a Flashcard. Write the question on one side of an index card and the answer on the other. Also write the Scripture reference on one side of another index card and the Scripture on the other side. Use these as flash cards throughout the week.
  • Memorize the Question and Answer. Write the question and answer on a whiteboard or piece of paper. Each day erase three or four words and put blanks in their place. Read the question and answer replacing the blanks with the correct missing words.
  • Read the Commentary. Available on the NCC website or App.
  • Define Terms. Identify key words (i.e. covet, false testimony, contentment) and look up the definition together.
  • Discuss. Discuss what God is instructing and forbidding in each commandment.
  • Learn Hand Motions. There are many different videos on YouTube showing various hand motions for learning the Ten Commandments. Find video and a set of motions you like and work throughout the week to learn the motions. Here are three examples: Example 1, Example 2, Example 3.

Discussion Questions

  • What lies do we convince ourselves are acceptable? (i.e. “white lies”) Why are even these “little lies” an offense to God?
  • What is contentment? How can you grow in contentment?s?

 

All Scriptures: The Holy Bible : English Standard Version. 2001 .
Standard Bible Society: Wheaton.

NCC 11 – Sixth, Seventh, & Eighth Commandments

Question

What does God require in the sixth, seventh, and eighth commandments?

Full Answer

Sixth, that we do not hurt, or hate, or be hostile to our neighbor, but be patient and peaceful, pursuing even our enemies with love. Seventh, that we abstain from sexual immorality and live purely and faithfully, whether in marriage or in single life, avoiding all impure actions, looks, words, thoughts, or desires, and whatever might lead to them. Eighth, that we do not take without permission that which belongs to someone else, nor withhold any good from someone we might benefit.

Short Answer

Sixth, that we do not hurt or hate our neighbor. Seventh, that we live purely and faithfully. Eighth, that we do not take without permission that which belongs to someone else.

Primary Scripture

For the commandments, “You shall not commit adultery, You shall not murder, You shall not steal, You shall not covet,” and any other commandment, are summed up in this word: “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” (Romans 13:9)

Commentary

Sixth Commandment. The sixth commandment does not just forbid murder. It tells us how to treat human beings . . . This commandment is not only a call not to kill; it is a call to love. The Heidelberg Catechism teaches, “In forbidding murder, God teaches us that He abhors its very root, namely, envy, hatred, anger, and desire for revenge; and that in His sight all these are hidden murder . . . God requires us to love our neighbor as ourselves, to show patience, peace, meekness, mercy, and kindness toward him, and to prevent his hurt as much as possible.” Seventh Commandment. Marriage is very important to God. He requires us to guard it carefully. . . He forbids people committing adultery, or treating people to whom they are not married in the special way they would treat them if they were married to them. This matters so much to God because He designed the relationship between a husband and wife to be a picture of the relationship between the Lord Jesus Christ and His church. Eighth Commandment. The eighth commandment warns us against stealing from other human beings. We owe people respect because they are made in the image of God. One way we show respect for people is by respecting the things that belong to them. (Taken and adapted from Training Heart, Teaching Minds by Starr Meade.).

Additional Scripture References

  • Psalm 82:3-4. Give justice to the weak and the fatherless; maintain the right of the afflicted and the destitute. Rescue the weak and the needy; deliver them from the hand of the wicked.
  • Matthew 5:21-22. “You have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not murder; and whoever murders will be liable to judgment.’ But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother will be liable to judgment; whoever insults his brother will be liable to the council; and whoever says, ‘You fool!’ will be liable to the hell of fire.
  • Exodus 20:13. You shall not murder.
  • Proverbs 24:11-12. Rescue those who are being taken away to death; hold back those who are stumbling to the slaughter. If you say, “Behold, we did not know this,” does not he who weighs the heart perceive it? Does not he who keeps watch over your soul know it, and will he not repay man according to his work?
  • Matthew 5:43-44. You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you.
  • Matthew 5:27-28. You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’ But I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lustful intent has already committed adultery with her in his heart.
  • 1 Thessalonians 4:3-4. For this is the will of God, your sanctification: that you abstain from sexual immorality; that each one of you know how to control his own body in holiness and honor.
  • Exodus 20:14. You shall not commit adultery.
  • 1 Corinthians 6:18.
  • 2 Timothy 2:22.
  • Leviticus 19:13a. You shall not oppress your neighbor or rob him.
  • Ephesians 4:28. Let the thief no longer steal, but rather let him labor, doing honest work with his own hands, so that he may have something to share with anyone in need.
  • Exodus 20:15. you shall not steal.
  • Deuteronomy 25:13-16. Flee from sexual immorality. Every other sin a person commits is outside the body, but the sexually immoral person sins against his own body.
  • Psalm 62:10. Put no trust in extortion; set no vain hopes on robbery; if riches increase, set not your heart on them.
  • Proverbs 11:1. A false balance is an abomination to the Lord, but a just weight is his delight.

Resources:Catechism Anchor

Teaching Ideas:

  • Read Scripture. Read one or two Scripture passages each day.
  • Create a Flashcard. Write the question on one side of an index card and the answer on the other. Also write the Scripture reference on one side of another index card and the Scripture on the other side. Use these as flash cards throughout the week.
  • Memorize the Question and Answer. Write the question and answer on a whiteboard or piece of paper. Each day erase three or four words and put blanks in their place. Read the question and answer replacing the blanks with the correct missing words.
  • Read the Commentary. Available on the NCC website or App.
  • Listen to a Song. Listen or read the lyrics to My Worth is Not in What I Own.
  • Learn Hand Motions. There are many different videos on YouTube showing various hand motions for learning the Ten Commandments. Find video and a set of motions you like and work throughout the week to learn the motions. Here are three examples: Example 1, Example 2, Example 3.

Discussion Questions

  • How is the catechism’s description of the sixth commandment different from the way the culture says we should interact with others?
  • What things or circumstances might lead you to impure looks, words, thoughts or desires? How can we avoid these?
  • What are subtle ways we might steal from others?

 

All Scriptures: The Holy Bible : English Standard Version. 2001 .
Standard Bible Society: Wheaton.

NCC 10 – Fourth & Fifth Commandments

Question

What does God require in the fourth and fifth commandments?

Full Answer

Fourth, that on the Sabbath day we spend time in public and private worship of God, rest from routine employment, serve the Lord and others, and so anticipate the eternal Sabbath. Fifth, that we love and honor our father and our mother, submitting to their godly discipline and direction.

Short Answer

Fourth, that on the Sabbath day we spend time in worship of God. Fifth, that we love and honor our father and our mother.

Primary Scripture

Every one of you shall revere his mother and his father, and you shall keep my Sabbaths: I am the Lord your God. (Leviticus 19:3)

Commentary

Fourth Commandment. The fourth commandment instructs God’s people to set aside one day in every seven for rest and worship. God set the pattern for Sabbath in creation, “And on the seventh day God finished his work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all his work that he had done.” (Genesis 2:2). The first instruction concerns resting from work. Rest does not mean abstention from all work; but rather, that any work engaged in is restful and restorative. A business man who works in an office all day might find working a garden restorative or construction worker who works outside all day might find reading a good book in his recliner restorative. The second instruction concerns worship. The Sabbath is not merely a day of rest but is to be holy to the Lord. As such, God’s people are to reflect on God, his work in the world, and his work in salvation throughout their day of rest. Fifth Commandment. The fifth commandment instructs God’s people to honor their father and mother. Children honor their parents as they learn from them, obey their instructions, and submit to their discipline. While the practice of these actions change over time, they apply at age five, fifteen, twenty-five, and even sixty-five. God has placed parents in children’s lives as an authority that is to be respected all the days of their lives (Romans 13:10).

Additional Scripture References

  • Genesis 2:2-3. And on the seventh day God finished his work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all his work that he had done. So God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it God rested from all his work that he had done in creation.
  • Isaiah 56:2, 4, 6-7. Blessed is the man who does this, and the son of man who holds it fast, who keeps the Sabbath, not profaning it, and keeps his hand from doing any evil… For thus says the Lord: “To the eunuchs who keep my Sabbaths, who choose the things that please me and hold fast my covenant… And the foreigners who join themselves to the Lord, to minister to him, to love the name of the Lord, and to be his servants, everyone who keeps the Sabbath and does not profane it, and holds fast my covenant—these I will bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer; their burnt offerings and their sacrifices will be accepted on my altar; for my house shall be called a house of prayer for all peoples.”
  • Hebrews 4:9-11. So then, there remains a Sabbath rest for the people of God, for whoever has entered God’s rest has also rested from his works as God did from his. Let us therefore strive to enter that rest, so that no one may fall by the same sort of disobedience.
  • Exodus 20:8-11. Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9 Six days you shall labor, and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
  • Deuteronomy 5:12. Observe the Sabbath day, to keep it holy, as the Lord your God commanded you.
  • Exodus 21:17. Whoever curses his father or his mother shall be put to death.
  • Leviticus 19:32. You shall stand up before the gray head and honor the face of an old man, and you shall fear your God: I am the Lord.
  • Proverbs 1:8. Hear, my son, your father’s instruction, and forsake not your mother’s teaching.
  • Romans 13:1. Let every person be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those that exist have been instituted by God.
  • Ephesians 6:1-3. Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right. “Honor your father and mother” (this is the first commandment with a promise), “that it may go well with you and that you may live long in the land.”
  • Colossians 3:20. Children, obey your parents in everything, for this pleases the Lord.
  • Exodus 20:12. Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.
  • Deuteronomy 5:16. Honor your father and your mother, as the Lord your God commanded you, that your days may be long, and that it may go well with you in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.

Resources:Catechism Anchor

Teaching Ideas:

  • Read Scripture. Read one or two Scripture passages each day.
  • Create a Flashcard. Write the question on one side of an index card and the answer on the other. Also write the Scripture reference on one side of another index card and the Scripture on the other side. Use these as flash cards throughout the week.
  • Memorize the Question and Answer. Write the question and answer on a whiteboard or piece of paper. Each day erase three or four words and put blanks in their place. Read the question and answer replacing the blanks with the correct missing words.
  • Read the Commentary. Available on the NCC website or App.
  • Listen to a Song. Listen or read the lyrics to My Soul Finds Rest.
  • Learn Hand Motions. There are many different videos on YouTube showing various hand motions for learning the Ten Commandments. Find video and a set of motions you like and work throughout the week to learn the motions. Here are three examples: Example 1, Example 2, Example 3.

Discussion Questions

  • How does observing one day each week to rest show our trust in God?
  • What are ways that you can use the Sabbath day to rest and worship?
  • Why is it difficult sometimes to honor our parents? How can we show honor to our parents this week?
  • How can keeping the fifth commandment express our love and trust in God?

 

All Scriptures: The Holy Bible : English Standard Version. 2001 .
Standard Bible Society: Wheaton.